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The World Economy: Trends and Central Bank Actions

World economy trends and Central Bank Actions

Explore world economy trends and central bank actions. Stay informed for strategic trading decisions in dynamic financial markets.

Japan’s National Core CPI Trends Lower, Easing Pressure on Central Bank

Japan’s National Core Consumer Price Index (CPI) continued its downward trend in December, registering at 2.3% YoY, a decline from November’s 2.5%. This data indicates a further easing of inflationary pressures in Japan, relieving the central bank from the immediate need to raise interest rates. Japan plans to uphold its ultra-dovish monetary policy stance in early 2024.

Impact on Europe & US Sessions

In the United Kingdom, retail sales experienced substantial growth in November, rising by 1.3% MoM. However, the December estimate suggests a potential decline of 0.5%, reflecting volatility in consumer spending over the past year. If sales fall more than anticipated, it could exert significant selling pressure on the Pound.

The European Central Bank (ECB) President, Christine Lagarde, will participate in a panel discussion on “The Global Economic Outlook” at the World Economic Forum in Davos. Her statements could influence the direction of the Euro during European trading hours.

Dollar Index (DXY) Outlook

Key News Events Today: UoM Consumer Sentiment (3:00 pm GMT)

The University of Michigan will release preliminary findings on consumer sentiment for January. Expectations point to a continued improvement in sentiment, albeit at a slower rate. Stronger consumer sentiment could keep the Dollar Index elevated.

Central Bank Notes

The Federal Reserve has maintained the Federal Funds Rate target range at 5.25% to 5.50%, aiming to achieve maximum employment and 2.0% inflation over the long run. The committee will closely monitor economic developments in determining future monetary policy.

The World Economy: Trends and Central Bank Actions

Gold (XAU) and Australian Dollar (AUD) Outlook

Key News Events Today: UoM Consumer Sentiment (3:00 pm GMT)

Gold prices may face downward pressure if consumer sentiment strengthens, keeping the Dollar elevated. The Australian Dollar found support around 0.6540 and may retrace higher before resuming a downtrend.

Central Bank Notes – RBA

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) kept the cash rate target at 4.35%. Although inflation is past its peak, it remains high, and future policy decisions hinge on data and risk assessments.

Kiwi Dollar (NZD) and Japanese Yen (JPY) Analysis

Key News Events Today: No major news events

The New Zealand Dollar and Japanese Yen found support and could experience retracement before resuming their respective trends.

Central Bank Notes – BoJ

The Bank of Japan maintains its ultra-dovish stance, continuing Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing (QQE) with Yield Curve Control. The central bank aims to achieve a 2.0% price stability target.

Euro (EUR) and Swiss Franc (CHF) Market Overview

Key News Events Today: ECB President Lagarde Speaks (10:00 am GMT)

ECB President Christine Lagarde’s remarks at the World Economic Forum could impact the Euro. The ECB has kept key interest rates unchanged, emphasizing a data-dependent approach.

Central Bank Notes – SNB

The Swiss National Bank (SNB) maintained its policy rate, observing weak GDP growth. The Swiss Franc has weakened significantly in 2024.

Pound (GBP) and Canadian Dollar (CAD) Analysis

Key News Events Today: Retail Sales (7:00 am GMT) and Retail Sales (:30 pm GMT)

The Pound faces potential selling pressure if retail sales decline more than expected. The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted to maintain the Official Bank Rate at 5.25%.

Central Bank Notes – Bank of Canada (BoC)

The Bank of Canada held its target for the overnight rate at 5.0%, expressing concerns about economic growth. If retail sales in Canada decline, it could impact the Canadian Dollar.

Oil Market Insights

Key News Events Today: No major news events

EIA crude oil inventories showed a higher-than-expected drawdown, signaling increased US demand. With OPEC’s positive global demand outlook, crude oil prices rose, with WTI briefly climbing above $74 per barrel.

In summary, various economic indicators and central bank policies influence global markets. Traders should closely monitor key events to navigate potential market shifts and capitalize on emerging opportunities.

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