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China Surpasses GDP Expectations: Economic Growth Hits 5.3%

China GDP

China surpasses GDP expectations, while industrial production and retail figures disappoint. Global markets await key economic data and central bank speeches.

China’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the first quarter of 2024 outperformed expectations, growing at a 5.3% year-on-year (YoY) rate, surpassing the forecasted 4.8%. This robust growth suggests the Chinese economy is on track to meet the government’s GDP target of 5%. The expansion is largely attributed to sustained stimulus measures and improvements in consumer spending.

However, industrial production and retail sales numbers failed to meet their respective forecasts despite the positive GDP figures. Both indicators showed slower growth on an annualized basis, raising concerns about the broader health of the Chinese economy. The sluggish industrial production was offset by the strong GDP figures, potentially contributing to sustained crude oil prices amid geopolitical tensions in the Middle East.

Implications for Global Markets

Economic indicators and central bank speeches draw attention in Europe and the US. The UK’s claimant count change spiked sharply in February, indicating potential softening in the labor market. Should wage growth continue to slow and claims exceed expectations, it could weigh heavily on the Pound.

Federal Reserve officials, including Richmond President Thomas Barkin and Chair Jerome Powell, are set to speak on economic outlooks and trends. Market participants eagerly await their remarks, especially following recent hot inflation data and robust consumer spending.

China Surpasses GDP Expectations: Economic Growth Hits 5.3%

Market Outlook

For the Dollar Index (DXY), industrial production data could be a potential bullish catalyst if it exceeds expectations. Meanwhile, gold prices may be influenced by industrial production figures and Fed officials’ speeches, potentially limiting recent gains.

The Australian Dollar (AUD) experienced a significant drop following stronger-than-expected US retail sales. With no major news events scheduled, AUD movements may depend on broader market sentiment.

New Zealand’s Dollar (NZD) awaits CPI data, with inflation trending lower but remaining above the Reserve Bank of New Zealand’s target. A hot inflation print could provide support for the Kiwi.

The Japanese Yen (JPY) saw USD/JPY surge on robust US consumer spending, potentially continuing its upward trajectory. The Bank of Japan maintains its policy stance amid positive economic outlooks.

The Euro (EUR) awaits ZEW Economic Sentiment data in Europe, with higher sentiment expected. The European Central Bank remains cautious, considering inflation and economic growth dynamics.

The Swiss Franc (CHF) experienced volatility against the Dollar and awaits further market developments.

The Pound (GBP) faces pressure from rising claimant counts and slowing wage growth. Despite inflation easing, the Bank of England maintains its policy stance.

For the Canadian Dollar (CAD), inflation data may influence USD/CAD movements. The Bank of Canada remains vigilant, focusing on inflation and economic growth.

Oil prices remain elevated amid geopolitical tensions in the Middle East. Inventory data from the American Petroleum Institute (API) may further impact prices.

Market biases vary across currencies and commodities, influenced by economic data releases and geopolitical developments. Investors closely monitor central bank policies and global economic trends for market direction.

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